Geography

How do we approach Geography at Northwood?

 

Geography is important at Northwood as it provides a means of exploring, appreciating and understanding of the world in which we live and how it has evolved. The teaching of Geography motivates children to find out about the world around them and enables them to recognise the importance of sustainable development. Through their work in Geography, children learn about their local area and compare this with other regions of the United Kingdom and the rest of the world.

Through their growing knowledge and understanding of human geography, children gain an appreciation of life in other cultures. In addition, children will study a variety of physical features using subject specific vocabulary. Children will collect and analyse data from a range of sources and communicate this in a variety of ways, including maps, numbers and writing. Where possible, the study of this subject is cross-curricular and children are provided with an understanding of what it means to be a global citizen. This encourages a true respect for other cultures and the environment.

 

 

 

Key stage 1

Pupils should develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They should understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness.

Locational knowledge

  • name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans

  • name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas

 

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

 

Human and physical geography

  • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world

  • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather

  • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

 

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage

  • use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language

  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key

  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds

 

 

 

Key stage 2

Pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge. Pupils should be taught to:

Locational knowledge

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities

  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics

  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

 

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America

 

Human and physical geography

  • describe and understand key aspects of:

  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle

  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water Geography.

 

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied

  • use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps)

  • use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area

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Contact Us

NORTHWOOD PRIMARY SCHOOL
Pendleton Road South
Darlington
DL1 2HF (Use DL1 2HE for Sat Nav Location)

Tel: 01325 267222   Fax: 01325 267229

Lingfield Education Trust DPO: dpo@lingfieldeducationtrust.com

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